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As one authorized historian wrote, “Justinian consciously looked back to the golden age of Roman law and aimed to restore it to the height it had reached three centuries before.” The Justinian Code remained in force within the East till the autumn of the Byzantine Empire. Western Europe, meanwhile, relied on a combination of the Theodosian Code and Germanic customary law till the Justinian Code was rediscovered within the eleventh century, and students at the University of Bologna used it to interpret their very own laws. Both these codes influenced closely not solely the law systems of the countries in continental Europe (e.g. Greece), but additionally the Japanese and Korean authorized traditions. Today, countries that have civil law systems range from Russia] and Turkey to most of Central and Latin America. Hegel believed that civil society and the state were polar opposites, throughout the scheme of his dialectic concept of …

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